Avina
Estrategia para el Bioma Amazónico

Context
Approximately 20% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide are caused by deforestation and changes in land use, according to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In Latin America, however, over 60% of greenhouse gas emissions are the result of deforestation, with a significant proportion of these generated in the Amazonian region, a biome which runs the risk of collapse in 15 to 20 years if current rates of deforestation continue. This in turn would severely limit the region’s ability to capture atmospheric carbon and would likely upset rainfall patterns throughout the continent.

 

Opportunities identified by AVINA and its allies
Contribute to the conservation of at least 80% of the bioregion so that deforestation does not exceed a 20% threshold, providing sustainability for the ecosystem and an appropriate quality of life for local populations.

 

Shared strategy for action
The strategy designed by AVINA and its allies focuses on strengthening forest monitoring and response systems, promoting a new economy compatible with a healthy ecosystem, and encouraging awareness and appreciation of the culture and knowledge of communities in the region. This strategy reinforces the role of local organizations and their vision for change, equips them and promotes their leadership. We work in coordination with international allies who contribute to building the capacity of institutions within the watershed so they are better able to protect their heritage for the benefit of their countries and for that of the planet.

 

International alliances
Our main allies and fellow investors for this strategy include:

  • The Amazonian Regional Coordination Network (ARA), convened initially by AVINA and composed of 24 Latin American organizations that are active in the Amazon as well as five national chapters.
  • The Skoll Foundation, with whom we established an alliance to support a variety of activities with a joint investment of USD 6 million over three years.
  • The Packard Foundation, to promote emission reductions due to deforestation in Brazil.

 

María Judith León and María Jesús León, of the Tatuyo ethnic group, are members of the womens' group of the Asociación de Autoridades Tradicionales Indígenas del Pirá Paraná (ACAIPI – Association of Traditional Authorities of Pirá Paraná). Under the guidance of the village healer and elder women, they learn traditional practices involving wild foods and crops specific to the different phases of annual cycles.

Aerial view of the Colombian Amazon, where rivers such as this are key for the ecology of the tropical forest.

 

 

Publication of the First Basin-wide Map of Protected Areas
The first pan-Amazonian map of conservation areas and indigenous reserves in the nine countries of the watershed was published in March 2009. It was produced by the Amazonian Network of Socio-Environmental Geo-referenced Information (RAISG) with the collaboration of AVINA and other institutions from different sectors. The Amazon region represented in this map covers an area of 7.8 million km2 and includes extensive social and environmental diversity with more than 370 different indigenous groups and a population of approximately 33 million.

 

Brazilian Companies Push the Government to Set Climate Goals
More than 20 Brazilian companies signed an open letter to President Lula demanding that the country's government adopt goals to reduce emissions. The venue was the seminar "Brazil and climate change: Opportunities for a low-carbon economy,” convened by the Fórum Amazônia Sustentável, the Instituto Ethos and the company Vale. The event was an attempt by the Brazilian private sector to prepare for the 15th Conference of Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change that took place in Copenhagen in December 2009. AVINA has supported the Fórum Amazônia Sustentável since its inception and is a member of its board.

 

New Colombian Park Raises Protected Area in Colombia to 30 Million Hectares
With the establishment of the new 1.8-million-hectare national nature park, the protected area of the Colombian Amazonia has now reached 30 million hectares. The creation of the park, a long-standing demand of indigenous communities within the region, was actively promoted by the Fundación Gaia Amazonas and led by AVINA partner Martín Von Hildebran in negotiations with the Colombian government.

 

Fundo Amazônia receives USD 40 million from BNDES for five projects
The Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente (Imazon), will receive USD 5.7 million from Brazil's National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES). One of the first awardees of the newly minted Fundo Amazônia, Imazon will be mobilizing the communities of 11 municipalities in the state of Pará to collect the environmental and rural data necessary to clear their land titles. The Fundo Amazônia, designed by AVINA ally Tasso Azevedo, is capitalized by investments tied to national deforestation reduction targets.